Tupolev Jet Airliner Spotting Guide


Tupolev Tu-144 SuperSonic Transport
Tupolev Tu-144 SuperSonic Transport

About Tupolev

Tupolev is a large, Russian-based company involved in the development, manufacturing, and overhaul of both civil and military aerospace products such as aircraft and weapons systems. It is also engaged in the fields of missile and naval aviation technologies.

It developed the U.S.S.R.’s first commercial jetliner and the world’s first supersonic passenger jet. Headquartered in Moscow, it employs about 10,000 people. Tupolev consists of the main design bureau and an experimental plant in Moscow, a branch in Tomilino, a flight-testing station in Zhukovsky, several design affiliates throughout Russia, and a department in Ukraine.

More than 18,000 Tupolev aircraft have been produced over the years.

A number of commercial aircraft have been included in the Tupolev product line, such as the Tu-134, Tu-154, Tu-204, Tu-214 and many others.

During the 1960s Tupolev undertook the design and construction of a delta-wing supersonic transport, the Tu-144, similar in overall design to the British and French Concorde. In June of 1969 the Tu-144 became the first passenger jet to fly faster than the speed of sound.

Tupolev Tu-154 Medium-Range, Narrow-body Airliner

The design of the Tu-154 features a T-Tail, three-engine configuration in the tail, and two six-wheel main landing gear arrangements. It also utilizes on each side of the fuselage three cabin doors along with two over-the-wing emergency exit doors.

Capable of operating from unpaved and gravel airfields with only basic facilities, the Tu-154 was widely used in the extreme Arctic conditions of Russia's northern/eastern regions where other airliners were unable to operate.

Seating capacity ranges from 164 - 180 passengers.

In total, 930 Tu-154 aircraft were built.

(Photo courtesy of Tupolev)

Tupolev TU-154 Trijet Airliner

Tupolev Tu-154 Trijet Airliner
Tupolev TU-154 Trijet Airliner

Tupolev Tu-154 Trijet Airliner
Tupolev TU-154 Trijet Airliner

Tupolev Tu-204cm twin-engine, narrow body airliner

The Tu-204 family of airliners was designed as a replacement for the Tu-154. The Tu-204 made full use of cutting-edge technology, including CAD modeling, extensive use of composite materials and titanium alloys, digital displays, and improved sound insulation.

The Tu-204SM / Tu-204CM is an advanced medium-range passenger aircraft designed by Tupolev JSC. It is a latest member of the Tu-204 aircraft family, and can carry up to 194 passengers for a maximum range of 4,800km.

(Photo courtesy of Tupolev)

Tupolev TU-204 Airliner

Tupolev Tu-214 narrow body airliner

Shown below is a Tu-214, with two engines under the wings and winglets.

Tupolev TU-214 Trijet Airliner

Tupolev Tu-134 Jetliner

The Tu-134 was a narrow-body, twin-engine airliner produced by Tupolev from 1966 to 1989. When production ended, a total of 854 Tu-143 aircraft had been built. The Tu-134 experienced long-term service within 42 countries, with some European airlines scheduling as many as 12 daily takeoffs and landings per plane.

Typical passenger configurations included 72 - 84 seats. In addition to regular passenger service, it has been used in various air force, army and navy support roles.

Tupolev Tu-134 Jetliner

 

More Information About Tupolev Aircraft

Official website of Tupolev

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